Hollis, M. E., & Wilson, J. M. (2014). Who are the guardians in product counterfeiting? A theoretical application of routine activities theory. Crime Prevention and Community Safety, 16(3), 169-188. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/cpcs.2014.6

Product counterfeiting, as an emerging problem, has seen limited scholarly attention. Although there has been an increase in the scholarly work in this area, much more remains to be done. This article is an attempt to address one considerable gap in the product counterfeiting literature – the application of criminological theory. At this time, no research on product counterfeiting has attempted to apply a theoretical perspective to understand the product counterfeiting phenomenon. This article involves a systematic attempt to view product counterfeiting through a routine activities theory lens. More specifically, this is an exercise in applying the theoretical construct of ‘guardianship’ to the study of product counterfeiting. Implications for prevention and policy are discussed.