first sale doctrine

A defense to infringement codified in Section 109(a) of the Copyright Act: “notwithstanding the provisions of section 106(3) the owner of a particular copy or phonorecords law-fully made is entitled, without the authority or the copyright owner, to sell, or otherwise dispose of the possession of that copy or phonorecord.”

Limitations on exclusive rights: Effect of transfer of particular copy or phonorecord, 17 U.S.C. § 109(a) (2008).
https://www.govinfo.gov/app/details/USCODE-2011-title17/USCODE-2011-title17-chap1-sec109